Emilian language

Spoken in  Italy
Total speakers 2 million
Language family Indo-European
  • Italic
    • Romance
      • Italo-Western
        • Gallo-Italic
          • Emiliano
Language codes
ISO 639-1 None
ISO 639-2 roa
ISO 639-3 egl

The term Emilian refers to a group of local languages, popularly also called dialects, who are parte of Gallo-Italic group, which are spoken in the historical region of Emilia. Although commonly referred to as an Italian dialect (even by its speakers), it does not descend from the Italian language.
Gallo-Italic languages are Western New Latin (they conserve innovative phonetic and syntactic features), as French, Occitan and Catalan; while Italian is part of Eastern New Latin.

Phonetics and Vocabulary borders between Emilian and the other Gallo-Italic languages are not exactly defined. For example, some dialectologists regard pavese (the dialect of Pavia, in Lombardy) as a transitional variety between "real Emilian" and Western Lombard, while others think it is an Emilian language.
The dialect of Piacenza features elements of both Emilian and Western Lombard languages; the same for the dialect of Cremona.


  • 1 Varieties
  • 2 Features
  • 3 Usage
  • 4 Words
  • 5 External links


Emiliano varies considerably across the region, and several dialects exist:

Emilian group includes other local languages as transitional idioms between Emiliano and Lombard, since they[who?] have common features:


The variants of both dialects have common features with all the other languages of the Gallo-Italic group. The most important are:

Emiliano is not mutually intelligible with Italian and the two languages belong to different branches of the Romance language family tree (respectively Western Romance and Italo-Dalmatian). An uncommon feature for a Romance language is the extensive use of idiomatic phrasal verbs (verb-particle constructions) much in the same way as in English and other Germanic languages, above all in Western Emilia, Vogherese-Pavese and Mantovano.


The use of Emiliano has in the past been stigmatized, due to a number of cultural and social reasons; speaking the 'dialect' was considered a sign of poor schooling or low social status. It now appears to have lost its negative connotations: native speakers use it to address close friends and family, so its usage has come to mean "I feel well, I feel in the company of friends". Emiliano is also commonly used in manufacturing industry or construction workplaces, where it is not uncommon to find foreign immigrants who speak it with workmates.